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University of Missouri Extension County Council Manual - Page 15

Section 14: Important Dates in History

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1839University of Missouri founded
1862Morrill Act established land-grant universities
1870University of Missouri become a land-grant institution
Missouri General Assembly passed legislation making the "College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts" a part of the University of Missouri
1887Hatch Act established agricultural experiment stations
1890Morrill Act 1890 - established 1890 land-grant institutions - the historically black land-grant institutions in 16 southern states
1900The Department of Household Economics - became a part of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture
1907Camps for farm boys started, followed by Corn Clubs for Missouri boys
1910University of Missouri established Extension Division
1912First county agent in Missouri
1913Missouri law authorized county courts to appropriate funds for extension
1914Smith-Lever Act established Cooperative Extension Service
Boys and girls club work began as regular part of cooperative extension - name "4-H Club" adopted in 1927
1915Home economics extension work started, called home demonstration agents
Women's club in extension organized
19274-H Club name adopted - for use by existing boys and girls clubs
1960Cooperative Extension and Extension Division combined
1961Present Missouri statutes pertaining to extension adopted
1964Civil Rights Act
1968EFNEP - Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program started
1969State organized into 22 program areas and staff specialization and multi-county programs began
1972Extension appropriations authorized for 1890 land-grant colleges
Congress authorized federal funds for Cooperative Extension System rural development programs (1972 & 1980)
1973Congress earmarked funds for 4-H programs in urban areas and for 4-H rural community development
1985Congress made two significant amendments to the Smith-Lever Act: (1) Definition of extension work was broadened to include specific mention of the "development of practical applications of research knowledge," in addition to instruction and demonstration, and (2) Congress authorized the federal partner, Extension System-USDA, to conduct educational program on its own initiative, supported by the secretary of agriculture.
1986Strategic plan approved by University of Missouri Board of Curators
1988Issues programming adopted by Extension Committee on Organization and Policy

NOTE: Each new farm bill provides legislative mandates and direction.